Biology unit 15: Classification practice test






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BIOLOGY - Unit 15: Classification PRACTICE TEST
____ 1. Organisms are named and classified based on physical characteristics in

a.

evolutionary trees.

c.

cladograms.

b.

binomial nomenclature.

d.

molecular clocks.



____ 2. Which of the following is the most abundant group of organisms on Earth?

a.

protista

b.

plants

c.

bacteria

d.

archaea



____ 3. Which of the following lists Linnaean taxa in the correct order from general to specific?

a.

phylum, order, family, genus

c.

family, phylum, genus, species

b.

kingdom, order, class, phylum

d.

class, order, species, genus



____ 4. In the Linnaean system of classification, which of the following is most commonly defined as a group of organisms that can breed and produce offspring?

a.

phylum

b.

species

c.

genus

d.

order



____ 5. Which of the following uses mutation rates to measure evolutionary time?

a.

phylogenies

c.

molecular clocks

b.

binomial nomenclature

d.

clades



____ 6. In the blank cladogram in Figure 17.1, what type of information would go on the lines labeled A?




a.

clades

c.

common ancestors

b.

outgroupings

d.

derived characters



____ 7. In the cladogram in Figure 17.1, what type of information would go in the area labeled B?

a.

clades

c.

common ancestors

b.

outgroupings

d.

derived characters



____ 8. How many kingdoms are there in the most current tree of life?

a.

two

b.

five

c.

three

d.

six



____ 9. The modern classification system is mainly based on

a.

mutation rates.

c.

physical similarities.

b.

common ancestry.

d.

binomial nomenclature.



____ 10. Figure 17.2 shows one set of genetic differences between humans and other animals. By this measure, which listed species is most related to humans?




a.

rabbit

b.

mouse

c.

turtle

d.

chimpanzee



____ 11. The name Canis lupis is an example of

a.

a domain and kingdom.

c.

binomial nomenclature.

b.

one clade.

d.

a phylogeny.



____ 12. Which of the following types of evidence is considered the most accurate in classifying organisms, according to the majority of scientists?

a.

anatomical

b.

Linnaean

c.

physiological

d.

molecular



Short Answer


13. In Linnaean taxonomy, how are organisms classified or grouped?
14. According to this classification, is the wolf more closely related to the bear or the bat?
15. How does Figure 17.3 illustrate the idea that each level is nested in the level above it?
16. What taxa do the bat and the shark share?
17. What animals shown in Figure 17.3 are in the order Carnivora?
Use the exhibit to answer the questions that follow.


18. What kingdom is missing from the chart?
19. Which kingdoms were considered kingdoms in 1753 as well as today?
20. Compare this chart (Fig 17.4) with Linnaean taxonomy. Name one similarity and one difference.
BIOLOGY - Unit 15: Classification PRACTICE TEST

Answer Section
1. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e1bd_194

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.15.4 TOP: Ch 17 Test - A

NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
2. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e1bd_202

TOP: Ch 17 Test - A NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
3. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e1bd_210

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.15.4 TOP: Ch 17 Test - A

NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
4. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e1bd_218

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.15.4 TOP: Ch 17 Test - A

NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
5. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e1bd_242

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.15.2 TOP: Ch 17 Test - A

NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
6. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e1bd_226

TOP: Ch 17 Test - A NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
7. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e1bd_234

TOP: Ch 17 Test - A NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
8. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e1bd_266

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.15.4 TOP: Ch 17 Test - A

NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
9. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e1bd_274

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.15.4 | FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.15.5

TOP: Ch 17 Test - A NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
10. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e1bd_282

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.N.1.1.6 | FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.15.4 | FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.15.5 TOP: Ch 17 Test - A

NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
11. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e1bd_301

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.15.4 TOP: Ch 17 Test - A

NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
12. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e1bd_311

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.15.2 | FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.15.4 | FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.15.5 TOP: Ch 17 Test - A

NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
13. ANS:

according to their physical and structural similarities

PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e1bd_328

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.15.4 TOP: Ch 17 Test - A

NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
14. ANS:

the bear

PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e1bd_332

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.N.1.1.6 | FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.N.1.1.7

TOP: Ch 17 Test - A NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
15. ANS:

Each level is included in all of the more general levels above it.

PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e1bd_336

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.N.1.1.6 | FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.15.4

TOP: Ch 17 Test - A NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
16. ANS:

kingdom, phylum

PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e1bd_340

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.15.4 | FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.15.6

TOP: Ch 17 Test - A NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
17. ANS:

the wolf, dog, fox, and bear

PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e1bd_344

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.N.1.1.6 | FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.N.1.1.7

TOP: Ch 17 Test - A NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
18. ANS:

Protista

PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e1bd_364

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.15.6 TOP: Ch 17 Test - A

NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
19. ANS:

Plantae and Animalia

PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e1bd_368

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.14.53 | FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.15.4 | FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.15.6 TOP: Ch 17 Test - A

NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
20. ANS:

Both the Linnaean system and this chart include the kingdom level. However, the Linnaean system did not include domains, and originally included only two kingdoms.

PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e1bd_372

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.N.1.1.6 | FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.15.4

TOP: Ch 17 Test - A NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5

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