Request for references

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títuloRequest for references
fecha de publicación23.10.2015
tamaño186.22 Kb.
tipoDocumentos > Economía > Documentos
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1. There has been considerable concern in recent years that patents have been granted for certain inventions that did not meet the fundamental requirements of patentability when compared with the traditional knowledge from which the inventions had been derived. This traditional knowledge, had it been known to the patent examiners at the time of the examination, may have amounted to “prior art” and may have defeated any claim that the invention was either ‘novel’ or ‘inventive’ and therefore patentable.
2. For example, a patent on the use of turmeric for wound healing was revoked once the patented invention was compared with ancient Indian documents that demonstrated that the invention was neither novel nor inventive.
3. In response to numerous proposals that the status of traditional knowledge as prior art would be considerably enhanced if patent examiners had access to existing, documented traditional knowledge, the Secretariat of the World Intellectual Property Organization (“WIPO”), as part of its program of activities under the Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore, is compiling two inventories which may be the basis of a useful resource to prevent the granting of patents on disclosed traditional knowledge:
(a) An inventory of existing periodicals, journals or gazettes concerning traditional knowledge-related issues; and

(b) An inventory of existing on-line traditional knowledge-related databases.
4. The inventories will only contain references to traditional knowledge-related publications and databases which are already in the public domain. Their objective is to help prevent the granting of patents on this knowledge. WIPO has not collected and does not wish to collect traditional knowledge itself.
5. The Secretariat of WIPO is seeking contributions to compile these inventories. Relevant categories of traditional knowledge could include: medicinal knowledge, including related medicines and remedies; agricultural knowledge; scientific knowledge and technical knowledge. The Secretariat would particularly welcome information relating to existing traditional knowledge-related national publications and databases compiled by and/or with the prior informed consent of local communities and traditional peoples.
Inventory of existing periodicals, journals or gazettes
6. WIPO would appreciate receiving the following details of national periodicals, journals or gazettes concerning traditional knowledge-related issues:
(a) Full title

(b) Publisher’s name and contact details

(c) Summary of content of publication

(d) Publication ISSN number

(e) Format of publication (paper, on-line, CD-ROM, Microfilm, etc.)

(f) Internet address, where appropriate

(g) Language(s) of publication

(h) Frequency of publication (weekly, monthly, annual, etc.)
7. Examples of relevant national publications may be:

  • The Honeybee Newsletter, published by the Society for Research into Sustainable Technologies and Institutions, Ahmedabad, India;

  • Le Voix du Paysan, published by SAILD, Yaoundé, Cameroon;

  • The Indigenous Knowledge and Development Monitor, published by the Nuffic Centre for International Research and Advisory Network; and

  • The Journal of Ethnopharmacology, published by Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.

Inventory of existing on-line traditional knowledge-related databases
8. WIPO would appreciate receiving the following details of online databases concerning traditional knowledge-related information:
(a) Internet address

(b) Database title

(c) Summary of content of database

(d) Name and contact details of compiler(s) of database; individual(s), institutions, communities, etc.

(e) Name and contact details of publisher(s) of database

(f) Approximate size of database: i.e., number of entries

(g) Language of database
9. Examples of relevant databases may be:

  • - Sources of Documented Yukon North Slope Traditional Knowledge;

  • - Alaska Traditional Knowledge and Native Foods Database;

  • - Native American Ethnobotany Database compiled by the University of Michigan-Dearborn; and

  • - TEKPAD (Traditional Ecological Knowledge Prior Art Database).

10. Please send all relevant information to the Global Intellectual Property Issues Division at < > or at WIPO, 34, chemin des Colombettes, 1211, Geneva 20 (Switzerland), Fax 41 22 338 8120.
11. Publications and on-line databases will, as far as possible and as appropriate, be compiled into inventories that will be presented to the third meeting of the Committee, to be held in Geneva from June 13 to 21, 2002. The inventories will also be published on the WIPO web site at
12. It would be appreciated if all replies could be sent before Friday, April 26, 2002.

[Annex II follows]



Database title.


Internet address.


Summary of content of database.


Name & contact details of compiler(s) and/or publisher(s) of database.


Approximate size of database: i.e., number of entries.


Language(s) of database.



The following databases, the majority of which are available on-line, are listed in alphabetical order. An initial emphasis has been placed on databases concerning Traditional Knowledge related to the use and exploitation of components of biological diversity.
Please note that any web sites listed below are for general informational use and their presence on this list is not to be viewed as an endorsement by WIPO for any products or information presented at these sites.

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