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(a) Adopt the bill on the juvenile prison system without undue delay;
(b) Allocate adequate human, technical and financial resources to the juvenile justice system to ensure continued focus on diversion and other alternative measures to deprivation of liberty, as recommended by the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention (A/HRC/10/21/Add.5, paras. 116 and 122);
(c) Conduct a thorough analysis of the overrepresentation of foreign and Roma children in the juvenile justice system;
(d) Establish an independent monitoring mechanism to undertake regular visits to places where children are deprived of their liberty.
Children belonging to minority groups
79. The Committee is seriously concerned about the poor health of Roma children, as manifested in higher infant mortality rates, a higher incidence of chronic and infectious diseases, and low vaccination rates, and that limited access to health care and other social services is, to a certain extent, considered to be self-imposed. The Committee is further concerned at the very limited number of Roma children enrolled in primary and especially secondary school. Noting the deplorable economic situation and social exclusion of the Roma community, the Committee is alarmed that the State party is addressing their situation primarily through security measures (Security Pacts of 2006, emergency decree of 2008) rather than concerted social inclusion measures based on participation. In this respect, the Committee is deeply concerned that the living conditions of Roma have further deteriorated pursuant to measures taken under the emergency decrees, exacerbating de facto segregation through the construction of “temporary housing containers”. The Committee notes with utmost concern the death of six children in the past year in “illegal” Roma camps with very poor conditions, as well as evictions, deportations, and government efforts to remove Roma children from their parents for their protection. The Committee also expresses its concern at the increase in begging, particularly among Roma children, and at the nexus between child begging and organized crime. The Committee is further concerned at reports of the prevalence of early marriage among Roma in Italy and at the limited information from the State party on measures to address this.
80. The Committee recommends that the State party:
(a) Discontinue the state of emergency in relation to settlements of nomad communities and the Ordinances of 30 May 2008;
(b) Develop and adopt, with the participation of affected communities, a national plan of action for the genuine social integration of Roma in Italian society, taking due consideration of the vulnerable situation of Roma children, in particular in relation to health and education;
(c) Allocate adequate human, technical and financial resources to ensure sustainable improvement in the socio-economic conditions of Roma children;
(d) Adopt measures to address harmful practices such as early marriage;
(e) Develop relevant guidelines and provide training for government officials to enhance understanding of Roma culture and prevent discriminatory and stereotypical perceptions of Roma children;
(f) Ratify the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.
H. Ratification of international human rights instruments
81. The Committee recommends that the State party ratify the core United Nations human rights treaties and the Optional Protocols thereto to which it is not yet a party, namely, the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment and the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness.
I. Cooperation with regional and international bodies
82. The Committee recommends that the State party cooperate with the Council of Europe towards the implementation of the Convention and other human rights instruments, both in the State party and in other Council of Europe member States.
J. Follow-up and dissemination
83. The Committee recommends that the State party take all appropriate measures to ensure that the present recommendations are fully implemented by, inter alia, transmitting them to the Head of State, Parliament, relevant ministries, the Supreme Court, and regional and local authorities for appropriate consideration and further action.
84. The Committee further recommends that the combined third and fourth periodic report and written replies by the State party and the related recommendations (concluding observations) be made widely available in the languages of the country, including (but not exclusively) through the Internet, to the public at large, civil society organizations, media, youth groups, professional groups and children, in order to generate debate and awareness of the Convention and the Optional Protocols thereto and of their implementation and monitoring.
85. The Committee invites the State party to submit its combined fifth and sixth periodic report by 4 April 2017 and to include in it information on the implementation of the present concluding observations. The Committee draws attention to its harmonized treaty-specific reporting guidelines adopted on 1 October 2010 (CRC/C/58/Rev.2 and Corr. 1) and reminds the State party that future reports should be in compliance with the guidelines and not exceed 60 pages. The Committee urges the State party to submit its report in accordance with the guidelines. In the event a report exceeding the page limitations is submitted, the State party will be asked to review and resubmit the report in accordance with the above-mentioned guidelines. The Committee reminds the State party that if it is not in a position to review and resubmit the report, translation of the report for purposes of examination by the treaty body cannot be guaranteed.
86. The Committee also invites the State party to submit an updated core document in accordance with the requirements of the common core document in the harmonized guidelines on reporting, approved by the fifth Inter-Committee Meeting of the human rights treaty bodies in June 2006 (HRI/MC/2006/3).